Leopard geckos are one of the most popular pet reptiles due to their docile nature and ease of care. The following are some general recommendations and guidelines for the care and maintenance of a leopard gecko.
Leopard geckos can be housed in a terrarium that is at least 20 gallons in size. The enclosure should have a screen top to allow for ventilation and a heat mat should be used to maintain a temperature between 88-93°F on one side of the enclosure, and a cooler area between 75-80°F on the other side. A light cycle of 12-14 hours of light and 10-12 hours of darkness is recommended. The enclosure should also have a hiding area, such as a half log or cave, and a shallow dish of water.
Leopard geckos are insectivores and should be fed a diet that consists of insects, such as crickets, mealworms, or waxworms. Adult geckos can be fed every other day, while juveniles should be fed daily. It is important to dust the insects with calcium and vitamin D3 supplements, which can be found at most pet stores.
Leopard geckos require fresh, clean water at all times. A shallow dish of water should be provided in the enclosure, and the water should be changed daily.
Leopard geckos should be taken to a veterinarian for an initial check-up and then regularly thereafter. Signs of illness in leopard geckos include lethargy, loss of appetite, weight loss, and abnormal feces. If you notice any of these symptoms, contact a veterinarian right away.
Leopard geckos are docile and can be handled frequently. They should be handled with clean, dry hands, and should be supported underneath their body. It is important to avoid pulling on their tail, as leopard geckos can drop their tail as a defense mechanism.
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